Your family cat may seem like a tough cookie, but they still need to take care. Especially in the garden. Having them participate safely and happily in family life can be a challenge when outdoor time is involved. Cats have a specific set of dangers that you might want to consider before allowing free reign in the backyards of Wahroonga, Westleigh, Turramurra and beyond.
Here are some of the things you should consider if you want to keep your family cat safe in the garden
Night time wandering
By a large mile, one of the biggest threats to a happy cat’s safety is human contact. People have some fairly strong views about cats and wildlife for example. We drive cars that are of no match to a wandering cat. And we can mistake a wandering family cat for a lost cat and claim them.
This is why it’s important to consider whether letting your cat out at night is a good idea.
Cats have absolutely no road sense and can often be hit during twilight, night and dawn due to poor visibility. They can get themselves into trouble with wildlife and get injured, or in trouble with humans that aren’t particularly fond of cats having an altercation with native birds and animals. A cat with an injury in either case can be difficult to find as their first instinct will be to retreat and hide. By the time you find them, permanent damage or even death may be the consequence.
Losing a pet to injury, accident, act of violence or through some well-meaning person adopting an already homed cat can all leave the same sense of guilt, loss and grief.
Please, make sure your cat doesn’t have the ability to roam at night for their safety as well as the safety of your family and other people.
Bee stings and wasps
Another great reason for keeping your cat indoors is the presence of bees and wasps in the garden. Healthy habitats need to learn to live side-by-side with bees. Yet they can pose a risk to your family cat.
Regardless of the situation, your cat is not going to take well to a bee sting. They are painful, uncomfortable and can cause swelling. Depending on where the bee stings, it could also impact breathing, block the eyes or change movement and rest patterns. None of which is particularly pleasant for your cat.
If your cat has been stung by a bee, try to remove the stinger as soon as you possibly can. While this might sound like a particularly difficult task with an unhappy cat, that stinger can continue to push venom into your cat for up to 3 minutes after it has been removed from the bee or wasp. Helping remove that can reduce the impact as a result.
A cat will complain about a bee sting and want to try to attend to the area themselves. They may howl, go limp or be lame. If you are concerned about this behaviour, contact our vet clinic immediately for advice.
Treatment for a bee sting may vary. If your cat has been stung previously, it might mean giving anti-histamine. Or if your cat is showing signs of allergic reaction, your vet nurse can help you through getting them to our vet hospital straight away.
Cats can be allergic to bees and wasps and the reaction can be severe:
- Howling and excessive attention paid to the bite area (a general response from most cats but will be severe if a reaction is taking place)
- Breaking out in hives and developing signs of an allergic reaction on the skin, face and around the sting
- Inability to move properly, a lack of balance and confusion
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Pale gums and/or drooling
- Cold to the touch and poor circulation to the limbs and tail
- A heart that is beating irregularly, too fast or too slow
- Changes in mental functions and problem solving
- Changes in mood
- Limp body and/or collapse
Treat cats being stung by bees and wasps with the seriousness it deserves. Make contact to get advice and assistance if you are unsure. Or bring your cat to a vet immediately if they show signs of allergic reaction.
Tangling with wildlife
Yet what of your family cat?
Cats are predators by nature. They will take on a possum, echidna, lizard or snake without batting an eyelid. The problem is, they could also sustain damage if they do so. That damage can cause problems in the present or in the future.
Injuries that are not detected and treated can become infected. You may also find your cat can lose claws, blood and skin health through bites, sharp pecks and scratches sustained in a fight. Crush injuries can be sustained by kittens that tangle with pythons and snake bites from venomous varieties can be poisonous. That’s why it’s important to avoid these situations in the first instance. And if they do happen to arise, take them seriously.
Check your family cat for injuries. Look at their eyes, ears, nose and coat. Make sure there are no scratches, bites, puncture marks or injuries. If you do find evidence of damage, don’t risk treating it yourself. Bring them straight to our vet clinic.
Snake bites can be deadly to your cat. The symptoms of snake bite in a cat are:
- Vomiting and diarrhea
- Sudden weakness in the muscles and/or collapse
- Difficulty blinking
- Shaking, twitching and spasmodic limbs
- Loss of bladder and bowel control
- Dilated pupils
- Excessive drooling
- Blood in urine and/or feces
Always seek veterinary advice and attention as soon as these sorts of signs show in your cat.
Prevention makes for a safe family cat
We talk a lot about fleas and ticks in summer with pets of all kinds. They are of particular issue in your garden. Cats love the shady spots and so do fleas and ticks. Lying around in the garden means having up to date flea and tick prevention for your cat. You should approach flea and tick prevention as a year-round process. This is especially true now we have a mix of warm and cold, wet and humid days across all seasons.
Another area of prevention for cats is ensuring the plants you have in your garden are compatible with your cat. Just as dogs have issues with certain plants, so too do cats. Flowers like daisies, dahlias, lilies, and chrysanthemums are toxic to your cat for example. So too are oleander, English ivy, cyclamen, pathos, sago palm, azaleas and rhododendrons.
If your cat is having a toxic reaction to flowers and plants, you will see:
- Difficulty breathing
- Drooling or difficulty swallowing (if the mouth, throat, or esophagus affected)
- Vomiting (if the stomach or intestines are affected)
- Diarrhea (if the intestines or colon are affected)
- Excessive drinking and urinating (if the kidneys are affected)
- Fast, slow, or irregular heart beat (if the heart is affected)
Again, if you see these sorts of signs in your cat, seek help from a vet immediately.
Cats and the garden
One of the best ways to ensure you cat doesn’t end up in difficulty in the garden is to keep your cat indoors. Failing that, please make sure you take steps to keep your cat indoor during night times and remove any and all temptation for trouble from your garden.